Not Marble, Nor the Gilded Monuments -Sonnet- 55 TEXTBOOK ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS CLASS-X CBSE-ENGLISH

                                                    SONNET 55

Not marble, nor the gilded monuments 

Not marble, nor the gilded monuments 
Of princes, shall outlive this powerful rhyme;
But you shall shine more bright in these contents 
Than unswept stone, besmear’d with sluttish time. 
When wasteful war shall statues overturn, 
And broils root out the work of masonry, 
Nor Mars his sword nor war’s quick fire shall burn
The living record of your memory. 
‘Gainst death and all-oblivious enmity
Shall you pace forth; your praise shall still find room
Even in the eyes of all posterity 
That wear this world out to the ending doom.
So, till the judgment that yourself arise, 
You live in this, and dwell in lovers’ eyes.

7) Answer the following  questions carefully.

a) Why do you think the rich and powerful
people get monuments and states erected in their memory?

swank the pomping grandeur, kings and princes used to erect monuments and
statues in their memory. The motto of cobbling up those monuments and statues
is to ascertain their memory till posterity defeating the unbeatable time.

b) Describe how the monuments and statues
brave the ravaged of time.

monuments and statues brave the ravages of time. But these are the tiniest trifles
in the cruel hand of time. These without any iota of doubt are subject to
decay, decline and destruction following the most delicate system of the Almighty
they get ruined, disfigured and spoiled.

Why does the poet refer to
Time as being sluttish?

Being materialistic entities statues and glided monuments are inevitable to
decline and destroy. Nothing in the world can escape the cruel hand of time. So
do the monuments and statues. The sluttish time discolours them, spoils them
and destroys them overpowering the assay of being immortalized.

The poet says that neither
forces of nature nor wars can destroy his poetry. In fact, even godly powers of
Mars will not have a devastating effect on his rhyme. What quality of the poet
is revealed through these lines?

had a strong intuitive far seeing ability. There too his greatness, poetic art
is immortal along with the natural things. An individual poet dies but he keeps
himself alive through his verse .Shakespeare is a person who made the extensive
use of these ways of immortalization .It aptly showed his artistic quality through
his sonnet which after hundreds of years has relevance within us.