Full Name – Archibald  Joseph Cronin
Born – 19 July , 1896, Scotland
Died – 6 January , 1981 , Switzerland
He was known as a physician and a novelist
  Ø  Notable works
1.  The
Citadel (1937)
2.  Three
Lovers (1932)
3.  A
Thing of Beauty  (1954)
4.  Beyond  This Place (1953)
1.  National
Book Award ( U.S.) of 1937
2.  D.Litt.
from Bowdoin College and Lafayette College


Two Gentlemen of Verona unfolds the true
examples of gentlemen. Two kids, Nicola and Jocopo showed how to be like
gentlemen even in the very adverse situation of life. Devoid of their age of
immaturity, they presented the noblest way of living .They, like gentlemen
showed sacrifice, nobility, and proved to be the right example of hope for
humanity. There had been every possibility of their going on the track of evil
to earn their livelihood and money for their sister , but they  took the righteous path and proved to be true
gentlemen in the post war situation of uncertainty.

 Ø  Two Gentlemen of Verona —An
Inspirational Story.

We get stuffed with positive inspiration when
we go through the story of Two Gentlemen of Verona. The two kids, whose parents
had been the victim of war and only sister had been a patient of tuberculosis
of spine, did not employ wrong path to meet the needs of life .They did the
extreme hard work they could do to earn the pennies for the treatment of their sisters.
They never considered their own requirements to be important .They sacrificed
education, youthful pleasure, and desires for food, dress, and shelter and the
tenets of their childhood for the sake of their sister.


Page – 9

5.  What do you understand by the following

a)  “We do many things, sir,” Nicola answered
seriously .He glanced at us hopefully.

 Answer- The author had been a bit confused
when he got to see the boys who had been selling wild strawberries, were
polishing shoes. On questioning Nicola acquainted him about their multifarious
assays to earn pennies. At this tender age they were in the fight for survival
.In the post war situation work had been scarce but they proved to skillful and
competent enough to earn the needs. Nicola’s hopeful glance at the author shows
their zeal and dedication for work.

b ) He
coloured deeply under his sunburn and then grew pale.

Answer-Out of curiosity the author asked the
boys about what they do with their money. They do not put on good dress, do not
eat good food and work so hard. Nicola felt embarrassed at this question. He
did not want anyone to circumvent into their personal affair. He turned pale at
the question as it was  beyond his
expectation and avoided to answer.

c) He
smiled uncomfortably. “Just plans sir,” he answered in a low voice.

Answer-The author was curious about the
whereabouts of the two brothers. He stated that they must be saving money to go
to the States. At this when Nicola said about certain plans the author asked
again about their plans. Nicola was in the state of uneasiness .He did not want
to disclose even a bit about their plans to a stranger. To avoid the intrusion
of the author he repeated in a low voice- “Just plans sir”. He wanted their
personal affairs not to be interfered.

d) Yet
in both these boyish faces there was a seriousness which was far beyond their

Answer- Cruelty of war is reflected in the
story .Nicola and Jocopo, the two boys of just 13 and 12 do every bit of
physical labour to earn every penny .At this age, and they should have been to
school, enjoying their childhood, spending time in fun and games. But they had
to adopt a life where they had to face the odds of life. They had been children,
but had lost the tenets of childhood .Their childhood was replaced by the
seriousness and anxiety of earning to meet the needs of their sister’s medicinal

Answer the following questions briefly.
 a) Why didn’t Luigi, the driver, approve of
the two boys?

Answer- Being a driver, Luigi has
enough experience about the knaves and their bluffing nature. When the author
and his friend encountered with Jocopo and Nicola selling wild strawberries,
Luigi warned the author to avoid them. It was their ragged and torn dress,
dirty look which made Luigi disapprove them. According to Luigi those boys were
knaves and they would sell them bad strawberries.

b) Why
were the narrator and his companion impressed by the two boys?

 Answer- Apparently the two boys did not bear
any remarkable appearance to be categorized of respectable belongings .But the
author found something strangely special in the two boys which attracted them
towards the boys. The author found the guileless kids in their dark earnest eyes.
Their simplicity, innocence and childish appearance mesmerized the author.

c) Why
was the author surprised to see Nicola and Jocopo working as shoeshine boys?

Answer- The author found the two
boys as fruit sellers on the other day. He built a fixed notion of them as
fruit sellers. But next day he was surprised when he was coming out of his hotel,
he found them shining shoes beside the fountain in the public square. The
author did not expect to meet them again shining shoes.

d) How
were the boys useful to the author?

Answer- Both Nicola and Jocopo
proved themselves to be propitious and favourable to the author and his friend.
They proved to be prompt and skilful in the need of the author and his friend.
If the author and his friend required a pack of American cigarettes or seats
for the opera or the name of a good restaurant, Jocopo and Nicola proved handy
to meet their needs.

 e) Why were the boys in the deserted square at night? What character
traits do they exhibit?

 Answer –The boys had been at the deserted
square at night resting on the pavements waiting for the bus from Padua. They
had a bundle of newspapers with them which they intended to sale among the
This shows that they did not submit
to adverse situations of life. Rather they chose to face them. To earn money
they can go to any extent .They went beyond their age and showed extreme
diligence and determination to get what they required.

 f) The narrator asked the boys, “Must you
work so hard? You both look rather tired.” The boys reply, “We are
not complaining, sir.” What do you learn about the boys from their reply?

Answer-The boys are the greatest
hope for the present form of society who upon misfortunes tread on the wrong
track .They made friendship with pain, sufferings, struggle, diligence, and
above all the right path to earn their livelihood .They do not mind their hard
work because to them their sister’s ailment was the sole motto .To see their
sister fine again they can do whatever possible.

g) When
the narrator asks the boys about their plans, they are evasive. Why don’t they
disclose their problems?

Answer- It was post war situation. Trust and
faith often gets baffled. The author was just a tourist .They did gain faith to
the boys. They could not disclose their personal plans to a stranger. They were
independent to face their own troubles successfully. Besides, they have seen
the darker side of the world and knew that it was not safe to confide their personal
matters with a stranger.

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