Multiple choice questions
(i) Which one of the following industries uses limestone as a raw
(a) Aluminium
(b) Cement
(c) Sugar
(d) Jute
ANSWER:- Cement
(ii) Which one of the following agencies markets steel for the public
sector plants?
(a) HAIL
(b) SAIL
(c) TATA Steel
(d) MNCC
3) Which one of the following industries uses bauxite as a raw
(a) Aluminium
(b) Cement
(c) Jute
(d) Steel
ANSWER:- Aluminium
iv) Which one of the following industries manufactures
telephones, computer, etc?
(a) Steel
(b) Electronic
(c) Aluminium
(d) Information Technology
ANSWER:- Electronic
2) Answer the following briefly in not more than 30 words.
(i) What is manufacturing?
(ii) Name any three physical factors for the location of the industry.
(iii) Name any three human factors for the location of an industry.
(iv) What are basic industries? Give an example.
(v) Name the important raw materials used in the manufacturing
of cement?
ANSWER:- i)Manufacturing is the process
in which goods are produced after processing
the various raw materials.
ii)Three physical factors for the location of the industry are:
a)Availability of raw material.
b)Suitable climate.
c)Availability of water and power supply.
iii)Three human factors for the location of an industry are:
a)Availability of cheap labour
b)Availability of services such as consultants and financial
c) Availability of Market
iv)Basic industries are those which supply their raw materials to industries which
manufacture other goods. An example is the iron and steel industry which
supplies steel to the automobile industry.
v) The important raw materials used in the manufacturing of
cement are: limestone, silica, alumina and gypsum.
3)Write the answers of the following questions in 120 words.
(i) How are integrated steel plants different from mini steel
plants? What problems does the industry face? What recent developments have led
to a rise in the production capacity?
(ii) How do industries pollute the environment?
(iii) Discuss the steps to be taken to minimise environmental
degradation by industry?

ANSWER:- i)Integrated Steel Plants are large plants which handle
everything in one complex – from putting together raw material to steel making,
rolling and shaping. Mini Steel Plants are smaller, have electric arc furnaces,
use mainly steel scrap and sponge iron as inputs. They have re-rollers that use
steel ingots as well. They produce mild and alloy steel of given

ii) Industries are responsible for four types of pollution – air, water, land, and noise
pollution. Following are the various reasons:
a) Air pollution is caused by the presence of high proportion of undesirable gases, such
as sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide.
b) Water pollution is caused by organic and inorganic industrial wastes and effluents discharged into rivers.
c) Thermal pollution of water occurs when hot water from
factories and thermal plants are drained into rivers
and ponds before cooling.
d) Wastes from nuclear plants cause cancer, birth defects and miscarriages.
e) Dumping of wastes especially, glass, harmful chemicals,
industrial effluents, packaging, salts and other garbage render the soil
f) Noise pollution is caused due to industrial and construction
activities, factory equipment, generators, electric saws, drills and other