1. What does the word cardboard denote in the poem?
Ans –    The word cardboard obliquely adumbrates the
photograph pasted on a hard rick paper.
            This word is used to acquaint us the consuetude of the-
then people with photograph. The photographs are pasted on cardboards and
framed with glass to safeguard it till the next a few generations. The
cardboard even works a bridge between times, past and present.
2. What has the camera captured?
Ans.     The camera has captured the time referring to past and the three
girls – the poet’s mother and her two cozs, Betty and Dolly in the swimming
apparel the siblings on the sea beach. With a perfect pose mother had been in
the middle and her two cousins on either side holding her hands and walking
with bare feet. The snap unfolds the innocuous and blithe state of the people pictured.

3. What has not changed over the years?
Ans.     The poem is the perfect archetype of time and timelessness.
Mortality of humans and immutability of nature is presented here. The sea,
embodiment of eternal existence has not changed. The agility vitality and
freshness of the sea is still the same. It talks how humans perish in the lap
of time and nature, the changeless one, witnesses, the melancholic saga of
4. The poetess’s mother laughed at the snapshot? What did this laugh indicate?
Ans.     Our past makes us nostalgic. With the changing view, we find our
past to be a bit funny one. She must have laughed recollecting the incident and
as well her youth and attire.
            -This laugh indicates her golden time of childhood where
she was filled with mirth and free from all worries and complexities of life.

5. What is the meaning of the line “Both why with the labored ease of
Ans.     The photograph is ironically a dysphonic one. The state of
mother being joyous in the photograph and the happiness of the poet to see her
mother in mirthful state both are connected to a dark side. Ironically mother
is no more to see her happy and at the same time the poet does not have her
mother to make the poet herself happy. Both are amusing yet disappointing as
the state of feeling comfortable or released is unnatural. There is a deep loss
of pain.
6. What does ‘this circumstance’ refer to?
Ans.     Here ‘this circumstance’ refers to the death of the mother.
Another melancholic phrase which talks about the present state where the mother
with her past in gone and the poet who has lost her mother.

7. The three different stanzas depict three different phases. Name
Ans.     First phase portrays the innocuous childhood time of the mother
of the poet when the poet was not born.
            Second phase delineates the adulthood of the mother when
she herself laughs at her own picture. This phase brings the poet in her
            Third phase, the melancholic one where, the mother of the
poet is dead, leaving her photograph and the poet is here in the most dejected
state losing her mother and her happiness.