COLONIALISM AND THE CITY (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-6

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COLONIALISM AND THE CITY (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-6

Extra questions with answers.

1 . Choose the correct options:-

a . Which group of the cities was recognized as the Presidency cities?

1 . Bombay, Orissa and Calcutta.

2 . Bombay, Madras and Vishakhapatnam.

3 . Bombay, Madras and Calcutta.

4 . Madras, Rajasthan and Calcutta.

Ans: 3 . Bombay, Madras and Calcutta.

b . The capital of British India before the revolt of 1857 was:+

1 . Calcutta.

2. Orissa.

3 . Madras.

4 . Bombay.

Ans: 1 . Calcutta.

c . The Delhi college was built in the year :-

1 . 1792.

2 . 1785.

3 . 1700.

4 . 1693.

Ans: 1 . 1792.

YOU ARE READING: COLONIALISM AND THE CITY (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-6

d . The Viceroy’s palace is now known as:-

1 . Rashtrapati Bhavan.

2 . Mantri Bhavan.

3 . Raj Bhavan.

4 . Pradhanmantri Bhavan.

Ans: 1 . Rashtrapati Bhavan.

e . To acknowledge Queen Victoria a Durbar was organized at:-

1 . Calcutta.

2 . Bombay.

3 . Delhi.

4 . Vishakhapatnam.

Ans: 3 . Delhi.

2 . Fill in the blanks:-

a . The period from _________ to _________ is referred as a period of the Delhi renaissance.

Ans: 1830 to 1857.

b . The western walls of Shahjahanabad was broken to make _________.

Ans: railways.

c . The Delhi Municipal Committee was not willing to spend money on a good __________ system.

Ans: drainage.

d . Havelis were taken over by the upcoming ___________ classes.

Ans: mercantile.

e . By the early 20th century only ______ percent of Indians were living in the cities.

Ans: 11.

YOU ARE READING: COLONIALISM AND THE CITY (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-6

3 . State whether the following statements are true or false:-

a . New Delhi took at least 50 years to build.

Ans: false.

b . The population of Delhi grew all of a sudden after partition.

Ans: true.

c . New colonies like Lajpat Nagar grew at the time of partition.

Ans: true.

d . The Central dome of Viceroy’s palace was copied from the Mughal architect.

Ans: false.

4 . Match the following:-

a . Machlipatnam.                 _                   a poet.

b . Mir Taqi Mir.                    _                   Planned the Lahore gate improvement.

c . Edwin Lutyens.                 _                   an important port-town in 17th century.

d . Baolis.                            _                   an architect.

e . Robert Clarke.                 _                   a system of wells.


a . Machlipatnam.                      _                       an important port-town in 17th century.

b . Mir Taqi Mir.                         _                       a poet.

c . Edwin Lutyens.                      _                        an architect.

d . Baolis.                                 _                       a system of wells.

e . Robert Clarke.                      _                      Planned the Lahore improvement.

YOU ARE READING: COLONIALISM AND THE CITY (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-6

5 . Describe the main features of Shahjahanabad.

Ans: The most important capital cities were built from the twelfth to seventeenth centuries. Out of these capital cities, the most beautiful and magnificent city was built in 1639 by the great ruler Shah Jahan who aimed at improving the beauty of Delhi. Hence the city was named Shahjahanabad.

It consisted of a fort-palace complex and also a city attached to it. Lal Qila or the Red Fort consisted of the palace complex and to the West, there was a walled city. The streets of Chandi Chawk and Faiz Bazaar were made broad for the easy passage of the royal procession. There was also a canal system. Shahjahanabad had several mohallas, bazaars, and mosques out of which Jama Masjid was the largest mosque.

During Shah Jahan’s rule, Delhi encouraged the Sufi culture. The city consisted of Dargahs, Khanqahs, and ideas. The streets were open squares and there were many water channels. Overall, Shahjahanabad was the pride of Delhi for its prosperity.

6 . What happened to the old Delhi after the construction of New Delhi?

Ans: The conditions inside the old Delhi deteriorated in the 19th century. Earlier, the water can system of Delhi became the pride of Delhi as it supplied them adequate water for drinking as well as for domestic purposes.

In the 19th century, everything changed. People did not pay attention to the drainage and the canal system. The well systems and the channels which were used to remove the household waste were damaged or broken down. After the partition, the population of Delhi rapidly increased and the damaged wells and canals couldn’t meet up the demands of the rising population. Later on, a new open drainage system was introduced in the city. However, they were of no use because the drains filled up in no time and started to overflow because of the overpopulation. The Municipal Committee of Delhi was not willing to spend money for providing a better drainage system.

7 . What did the census of 1931 reveal? What attempts were made to decongest the old City?

Ans: In 1931, the census revealed the conditions of the walled cities . The walled city area was very badly populated with 90 people per acre. On the other hand New Delhi consisted of 3 people acre.

There were many attempts taken to expand the old City so that people would get enough space to lead a healthy and happy life. Some of the schemes are as follows:-

  • An extension scheme called the Lahore Gate improvement scheme was introduced in 1888 by Robert Clarke for the improvement of the walled city. This scheme was introduced to shift people from the old City to a new place which were surrounded by many shops and other things of requirements. The streets which were developed had to follow the grid pattern. The lands were divided for constructing the neighborhoods. But this did not help a lot in decongesting the city.
  •  In 1936 another scheme was introduced which was known as the Delhi improvement Trust. Many new areas were constructed for the wealthy Indians such as Daryaganj south. Under this scheme, the houses were divided into sections for providing privacy. Different members of the family had their own private places in the same house.

YOU ARE READING: COLONIALISM AND THE CITY (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-6

8 . Give a brief note on “havelis”.

Ans: The rich men or the  aristocrats of the Mughal Empire during the 17th and 18th centuries lived in big mansions which were termed as havelis . The havelis were large walled mansions with gardens, fountains etc.

In a haveli, many families lived together. It had a beautiful gateway, and after entering the gateway there was a huge open courtyard surrounded by many rooms which were set up by the visitors. The rooms in the inner courtyard were meant for the women. Qamar-al-din Khan’s haveli even in the middle of the 19th century had several rooms for the cart drivers, carpenters, accountants, clerks, etc. along with many other structures.

But during the British colonial rule, many rich men were not able to maintain the expenses of the Havelis. As a result, they divided the Havelis into several sections and sold them. Often in front of the Havelis, many shops and warehouses were opened. The rising commercial classes captured some Havelis and the remaining Havelis became useless and slowly decayed.