FROM TRADE TO TERRITORY TEXTBOOK (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-2

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FROM TRADE TO TERRITORY TEXTBOOK (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-2

Extra questions with answers.

1 . Mark the correct option:-

a . Which one of the following was not a trading company?

1 . The Portuguese

2 . The Dutch

3 . The French

4 . The Japanese

Ans: 4. The Japanese.

b . What was Farman?

1 . Royal dress.

2 . Royal order.

3 . Royal food.

4 . Royal procession.

Ans: 2. Royal order.

c . The British who did the Company’s army against Sirajuddaulah at Plassey was

1 . Robert Clive.

2 . Lord Hastings.

3 . Edmund Bruke.

4 . Lord Dalhousie.

Ans: 1 . Robert Clive.

d . The Governor-general who introduced the policy of paramountcy

1 . Lord Hastings.

2 . Lord Dalhousie.

3 . Warren Hastings.

4 . Lord Bentick.

Ans: 1 . Lord Hastings.

YOU ARE READING: FROM TRADE TO TERRITORY TEXTBOOK (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-2

e . The Governor-general who was impeached

1 . Lord Dalhousie.

2 . Lord Mountbatten.

3 . Warren Hastings.

4 . Lord Hastings.

Ans: 3 . Warren Hastings.

2 . Fill in the blanks:-

a . British territories were broadly divided into administrative units called ____________.

Ans: presidencies.

b . ______________ and ____________ were the two famous Maratha soldiers and statesman of 18th century.

Ans: Mahadji Sindhia and Nana Phadnavis.

c . The Company took over Awadh in the year ______.

Ans: 1856.

d . The principal figure in an Indian district was the _______.

Ans: collector.

e . ________ was the Nawab of Bengal after the defeat of Sirajuddaulah at Plassey.

Ans: Mir Jafar.

3 . State whether the following statements are true or false:-

a . The Maratha power was crushed in the third Anglo-Maratha war.

Ans: True.

b . The Company took away parts of territories from Punjab and Satara on the basis of “subsidiary alliance”.

Ans: False.

c . Sirajuddaulah got help from his commander Mir Jafar and finally won a victory in the Battle of Plassey.

Ans: False.

d . Lord Dalhousie’s “ Doctrine of Lapse” proved to be a total failure.

Ans: False.

FROM TRADE TO TERRITORY TEXTBOOK (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-2

4 . Give an account of the Battle of Plassey.

Ans: The Battle of Plassey was held on 23rd June 1757 and it is the first huge victory of the British Company in India. In 1756, after the death of Alivardi Khan, Sirajuddaulah became the ruler or the “Nawab of Bengal”. The Company was a bit worried as they were eager to keep a puppet ruler who will rule in accordance with the Company and will also grant orders and petitions in the favor of the Company without making any troubles.

The Company tried to replace Sirajuddaulah by one of his opponents but the Company did not get any success. Sirajuddaulah strongly warned the Company to not interfere in their political matters. But the Company did not stop interfering, so Sirajuddaulah with 30,000 soldiers marched to the Company’s factory at Kassimbazar and conquered the Company’s official, disarmed them and locked the factory. Further , he moved towards Calcutta to conquer the English factory located there. The British became furious on hearing the news and under the command of Robert Clive forces were sent .

In 1757 finally Robert Clive ordered the Company’s army to go against Sirajuddaulah at Plassey. The Company defeated Sirajuddaulah at the Battle of Plassey. It became possible for the Company to defeat Sirajuddaulah because one of his commanders Mir Jafar. He did not fight the Battle as he was promised by the Company that he would be the next Nawab after defeating  Sirajuddaulah. Sirajuddaulah was killed after the Battle of Plassey and  puppet ruler became the “Nawab of Bengal” that is Mir Jafar.

FROM TRADE TO TERRITORY TEXTBOOK (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-2

5 . Write a note on “ The Tiger of Mysore” _ Tipu Sultan.

Ans: Tipu Sultan the famous ruler of Mysore who was also known as Tipu Shahab or “ The Tiger of Mysore”, was born on 20th November 1750. During his reign , he started new administrative changes such as coinage system, new land revenue system which started the growth or production of Mysore silk industry. He also expanded the iron-cased rockets of Mysore. And he used those rockets against the British forces during the Anglo-Mysore wars. He also focused on the economic development program and later in 18th century Mysore was the world’s highest real wages and living standards.

Tipu Sultan reigned from 10th  December 1782 to 4th May 1799 and was the successor of Haider Ali. During his reign , the economic condition of Mysore flourished a lot. Tipu Sultan won a major victory against the British in the Second Anglo-Mysore war and was also successful in forcing the British to sign the Treaty of Mangalore in 1784. Under the orders passed by Tipu Sultan in 1785, the export of sandalwood and spices such as pepper , cardamom to the East India Company was stopped. He also established a friendly relationship with the French in India and used them to modernize his army.

Tipu Sultan was an irreplaceable enemy of the British East India Company. In the Third Anglo-Mysore war he was defeated and forced to sign the Treaty of Seringapatam . He also lost many of his conquered lands such as Malabar and Mangalore. In the forth Anglo-Mysore war, the British East India Company with the help of the Maratha defeated  Tipu Sultan and he was killed on 4th May 1799 while defeating the Fort of Seringapatam. Later Tili Sultan was credited as secular ruler who fought against British colonialism.

6 . Describe the policy of “Doctrine of Lapse” introduced by Lord Dalhousie.

Ans: In 1852, the Governor-general of British , Lord Dalhousie expanded  the British control over India by introducing the “Doctrine of Lapse”. Lord Dalhousie introduced this policy to seize many kingdoms .  According to this policy, heirs adopted by the deceased rulers without the proper consent of the British government will only be allowed to enjoy the private properties of the rulers .  The control of the territory will be under the British Government.

There were many states which were annexed by the British in absence of a natural heir. For example:- Satara (1848) , Jaitpur and Sambalpur (1849) , Chota Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853) , Nagpur (1854). The titles and pensions of the deceased ruler were taken away by the Company after the introduction of the Doctrine of Lapse . Regal titles of the Nawabs of Carnatic and Tanjore were taken away . The people in India were extremely dissatisfied with the principle of Lapse which was one of the reason for the Great uprising movement of 1857. With the help of the Doctrine of Lapse the British conquered almost half of India. This policy played a key role in expanding the British rule in India.

FROM TRADE TO TERRITORY TEXTBOOK (NCERT) Extra Questions and Answers of CBSE, Class 8, History Chapter-2

7 . Who introduced the “policy of paramountcy”? What did this policy mean?

Ans: Lord Hastings was the Governor-general from 1813 to 1823 introduced policy of paramountcy. In the policy of paramountcy declared by the Company that they were Paramount or supreme. They also claimed that its power was  greater as compared to the Indian states. With the help of the policy of paramountcy , the Company could conquer any Indian kingdom.

The policy of paramountcy extremely hurt the sentiments of the Indian rulers. Many of the rulers challenged the Company. For example:- with the help of the policy , the Company tried to annex a small states of Kitoor. Rani Channamma took a leading step and raised an anti-British movement. In 1824 she was arrested by the Company and in 1829 she died in prison. After her death, a poor chowkidar named Rayanna continued the anti-British movement started by Rani Channamma. He destroyed many British camps and records with the help of strong supports  . Finally, in 1830 he was caught and hanged by the British.