You are going to go through textbooks (NCERT) QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS OF Indigo CBSE CLASS 12 ENGLISH CORE (FLAMINGO) Textbook solutions are important for better preparation for the board examination. This acquaints us with the pattern and the question type that help us to answers the questions carefully. Let us find out the same in  TEXTBOOK (NCERT) QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS OF Indigo CBSE CLASS 12 ENGLISH CORE (FLAMINGO)

Think as You Read

Page no- 47

1.Strike out what is not true in the following.

a.Rajkumar Shukla was

A sharecropper

A politician


A landlord

Ans. (i) a politician.

b.Rajkumar Shukla was

  • i. Poor.
  • ii. Physically strong.
  • iii. Illiterate.

Ans. (i) physically strong.

2.Why is Rajkumar Shukla described as being ‘resolute’?

Ans. Rajkumar Shukla was a sharecropper who had come from Champaran which is situated in the foothills of Himalayas. Moreover, when Gandhiji told that he was supposed to go to the other places, Shukla accompanied him everywhere. This is the reason he was being described as a ‘resolute’.

3.Why do you think the servants thought Gandhi to be another peasant?

Ans. Gandhiji along with Rajkumar Shukla went to Rajendra Prasad’s place. Shukla was a peasant as a result of which the servants thought that his companion must be a peasant. That’s why, the servants thought Gandhi to be another peasant. Gandhiji was treated like an untouchable where he wasn’t allowed to drink water from the well.

Think As You Read

Page no- 49

1.List the places that Gandhi visited between his first meeting with Shukla and his arrival at Champaran.

Ans. Gandhiji had an appointment for a meeting at Lucknow. Then he moved to Cawnpore and various other parts of India. Shukla accompanied him everywhere. Later, he went to Kanpur and from there moved to his ashram at Ahmedabad. He went to Calcutta, Kanpur and Muzzafarpur and then went to Champaran.

2.What did the peasants pay the British landlords as rent? What did the British now want instead and why? And what would be the impact and why? What would be the impact of synthetic indigo on the prices of natural indigo?

Ans. The peasants were forced to pay indigo as rent. But soon after Germany introduced synthetic indigo, the demand of natural indigo decreased and as a result of which the British applied a new policy of exploiting the poor peasants. They asked the sharecroppers to pay them a compensation of fifteen percent arrangement in order to release themselves from cultivating indigo.

Think As You Read

Page no- 51

1.The events in this part of the text illustrate Gandhi’s method of working. Can you identify some instances of this method and link them to his ideas of Satyagraha and non-violence?

Ans. Gandhiji initially gathered information regarding everything. He fought against the 15 per cent rule and was able to give the 25 per cent compensation to the sharecroppers.

Think As You Read

Page no- 53

1.Why did Gandhi agree to a settlement of 25 per cent refund to the farmers?

Ans. Gandhi agreed to a settlement of 25 per cent the amount didn’t matter to him. The fact that the landlords were forced to return the money was rather more important.

2.How did the episode change the plight of the peasants?

Ans. After the Champaran movement, the peasants understood about their rights and got the courage to revolt. They were no more forced to cultivate indigo.

Understanding The Text

Page no- 54

1.Why do you think Gandhi considered episode to be a turning point in his life?

Ans. The Champaran episode turned out to be a turning point for the peasants in Champaran. They learned to fight for their right and injustice. The peasants whom the British exploited got refund by 25 per cent from landlords. Thousands of peasants supported Gandhiji.

2.How was Gandhi able to influence lawyers? Give instances.

Ans. Gandhi discussed with the lawyers that if the British authority sent him to jail then the lawyers would move back to home. Gandhi told them about the injustice done to the peasants in Champaran. This made the lawyers realise that it would be shameful if they would return back home. So, they decided to follow Gandhi and if required they would move to the jail with him.

3.What was the attitude of the average Indian in smaller localities towards advocates of ‘home rule’?

Ans. The average Indian in smaller localities was afraid to raise their voices. They were afraid to show their sympathy for the advocates of ‘home rule’. Gandhiji stayed at Professor Malkani’s place. Professor Malkani was a teacher and it was an extraordinary thing as he provided shelter to a freedom fighter.

4.How do we know that ordinary people too contributed to the freedom movement?

Ans. Rajkumar Shukla was the one who complained against the injustice done to them. He wanted justice for the sharecroppers like him. Professor Malkani arranged Gandhi with shelter which was an extraordinary thing. Thousands of people came forward and held demonstrations. This shows that ordinary people contributed to the freedom movement as well.