1.  What was the tragedy?
Answer- The tragedy is talked about the an
unprecedented space tragedy, U.S. Space Shuttle
carrying India-born American astronaut Kalpana Chawla and six others, broke
apart in flames as it streaked over Texas towards its landing strip on
Saturday, 1 February 2003, killing all seven on board.
2.  When the space shuttle
Columbia did lost contact and how was the speed of the space shuttle?
Before meeting the tragic accident the space shuttle lost contact with NASA at
about 9 a.m. (19.30 hrs 1ST) as it came in for landing. It was flying at an
altitude 200,000 feet and travelling at over 20,000 km. per hour when ground
control lost contact with the shuttle.
3.  Tell us about the Columbia
space shuttle?
Answer- Columbia
had lifted off on 16 January 2003, from the
Kennedy Space Center,
It had stayed in orbit for 16 days and the seven-member crew conducted 80
experiments before it began its downward journey, which ended in tragedy. This
28th space flight and the shuttle was said to be good for 100 flights.

4.  Acquaint us with Kalpana
Chala’s Educational journey.
Answer-  After Kalpana Chawla graduated from Tagore School,
she joined an
college. After attaining a Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical
engineering, she went for a master’s degree to the United States of America.
She later earned her Ph.D.
5.  How did people react for
Kalpana’s being the first Indian American to go into the space?
Though her father had opposed her going America to pursue higher degrees
initially, later her whole family and other people from India cheered her when
she with other crew members blast off into the space from the  launch pad at Cape Canaveral, Florida, and
participate in a successful mission in space.
6.  Why is Kalpana Chawla
called as Indian- American?
Ans- Kalpana
Chawla is called as Indian-American because she was born in Karnal, Haryana,
India and later he became a naturalised U.S. citizen as she married to flight
instructor Jean-Pierre Harrison, an American.
7.  Besides being an astronaut
what other qualities did Kalpana Chawla have?
Besides being an astronaut, Kalpana Chawla was licensed to fly single and
multiengine land airplanes, single-engine seaplanes and gliders. She was also a
certified flight instructor.

8.  How was Kalpana Chawla
chosen for an astronaut in NASA?
Answer –
After Kalpana Chawla had qualified as a pilot, she made her mind to have a new
challenge, i. e. applying to NASA’s space shuttle program. She went for it and
she was first hired as a research scientist at NASA. Finally In 1994 she was
selected by NASA for training as an astronaut.
9.  When she was asked what it
was like being a woman in her field what did she reply?
She replied that she had really never, ever thought, while pursuing her studies
or doing anything else, that she had been a woman, or a person from a small
city, or a different country. She pretty much had had her dreams like anyone
else and she had followed them. And people who had been around her,
fortunately, always had encouraged her and said that if that was what she wanted,
then she must carry it on.
Kalpana Chawla’s first mission in the space.
Kalpana’s first space mission in the space shuttle,
was 15 days, 16 hours and 34 minutes long.
During this time she went around the earth 252 times, travelling 10.45 million
kilometres! The crew included a Japanese and a Ukranian astronaut. The crew
performed experiments such as pollinating plants to observe food growth in space,
and tests for making stronger metals and faster computer chips — all for a
price tag of about 56 million dollars.
the news of the Disaster of the space tragedy broke how did the people react?
Answer- It
was the Saturday night. When the news of the disaster broke, people had been in
utter shock and disbelief. The town of Karnal spent a sleepless night as
thousands of households stayed glued to their television sets in the hope that
Kalpana and the crew had somehow survived.

according to a journalist are the necessary qualities to become an astronaut?
According to a journalist, it takes enormous ability to become an astronaut.
You need to know a lot about everything, from biology to astrophysics to
aeronautical engineering. In this age of super-specialisation, you must have
encyclopaedic knowledge to be an astronaut.
did Kalpana say in her message that she sent from aboard the space shuttle,
students of her college in Chandigarh?
In a message that she sent from aboard the space shuttle,
to students of her college in Chandigarh,
Kalpana said that the path from dreams to success does exist. Students must
have the vision to find it, the courage to get onto it. And then she wished all
a great journey.