TEXTBOOK ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS OF CBSE CLASS VII SCIENCE Chapter 11 Transportation in Animals and Plants

1) Match structures given in Column I with functions given in
Column II.
Column I                                Column II
(i) Stomata.                             (b)
(ii) Xylem                                (d)
Transport of water
(iii) Root hairs                         a) Absorption of water
(iv) Phloem                              c)
Transport of food
2) Fill in the blanks.
(i) The blood from the heart is transported to all parts of the body by the _arteries__.
(ii) Haemoglobin is present in __red blood__ cells.
(iii) Arteries and veins are joined by a network of _capillaries__
(iv) The rhythmic expansion and contraction of the heart is called
__heart beat__.
(v) The main excretory product in human beings is __urea__ .
(vi) Sweat contains water and __salts __.
(vii) Kidneys eliminate the waste materials in the liquid form
called __urine __.
(viii) Water reaches great heights in the trees because of suction
pull caused by __transpiration_ _.
3) Choose the correct option:
(a) In plants, water is transported through
(i) xylem
(ii) phloem
(iii) stomata
(iv) root hair
(b) Water absorption through roots can be increased by keeping
the plants
(i) in the shade
(ii) in dim light
iii. under the fan
iii. covered with a polythene bag
(a) (i) xylem
(b) (iii) under the fan
4) Why is transport of materials necessary in a plant or in an
animal? Explain.
ANSWER:-Transport of materials is necessary for plants or animals because
due to it the nutrients and oxygen are made available to all the parts of the
body. If the transport of necessary nutrients and oxygen does not take

place in the body, the body will not be able to
5) What will happen if there are no platelets in the blood?
ANSWER:-If there are no platelets in the blood, then the blood would not
be able to clot.
6) What are stomata? Give two functions of stomata
ANSWER:-There are small openings on the lower surface of the leaves. These
pores are called
These openings are surrounded with guard cells.

Functions of stomata:
1. It helps in the transpiration of water, i.e., the loss of
excess water from the plant.
2. Loss of water from the stomata creates an upward pull, i.e.,
suction pull which helps in
of water from the roots.
3. They help in exchange of gases.
7) Does transpiration serve any useful function in the plants?
i) It helps to enhance the absorption of water and dissolved
minerals by creation of a suction pull.
(ii) It helps in getting rid of the excess water.
(iii) It helps in transport of water and minerals to leaves and
leaves use the water for photosynthesis.
(iv)It produces a cooling effect on the plant
8) What are the components of blood?

ANSWER: – There are four components of blood:

(i) Plasma is liquid parts of bloods which is yellowish in colour
and contain 90% water. It contains food, enzymes, wastes and proteins etc

(ii) Red blood cells are disc shaped cells containing red coloured
pigment called
haemoglobin in it.
Haemoglobin helps in transportation of oxygen.

(iii) White blood cells are the fighting cells which protect us
against bacteria and foreign
causing infections.

(iv) Platelets help in clotting of the blood.
8) Why is blood needed by all the parts of a body?
ANSWER:-Blood is needed by all the parts because it contains the digested
food and oxygen in it.
It supplies the oxygen and digested food to various parts of the
body to provide essential
energy to
them which helps the body to perform various functions
10) What makes the blood look red?
ANSWER:-The presence of haemoglobin, a red pigment in the red blood cells
(RBCs) makes
blood appear red in
colour. The haemoglobin carries oxygen and transports it to all the parts of
the body.
11) Describe the function of the heart.
ANSWER: – The right auricle and ventricle receive blood with carbon dioxide
from all parts of the body. The collected blood is then pumped to the lungs for
the purification. In lungs, the
of gases takes place and purified blood is sent back to left auricle. It pumps
it to the left ventricle, which in turn pumps off the purified blood to all parts of body through arteries.
12) Why is it necessary to excrete waste products?
ANSWER:-All cells of our body produce waste products. These waste products
are toxic to the
body and
therefore need to be excreted out. This process of removing waste products
produced in the cells of living organisms is called excretion.
13) Draw a diagram of the human excretory system and label the
various parts.