Ramchandra Guha
Born – 29 April 1958, Dehra
Dun, Uttarakhand
He is famous as an Indian
historian and writer.
He has contributed to
environmental, Social, political and cricket history of India.
Awards –
1)      Leopold – Hidy Prize – 2001
2)      Cricket Society book of the year Prize – 2002
3)      R.K. Narayan Prize – 2003
4)      Padma Bhushan – 2009
5) Sahitya
Akademi Award – 2011
Notable works –        1) India after Gandhi
2) A corner of
a Foreign Field
3) Prehistory
of community
     Forestry in India.
Page – 143
1. Cricket is originally a/an
            i) Indian game
            ii) British game
            iii) International game.
Mark the right answer
Answer – (ii) British game
2)         There is historical
reason behind both these oddities.’ In the 
preceding two paragraphs, find two
words / phrases that mean the same as oddities.
Ans:     Two words/phrases that means the same as oddities are – (i)
Peculiarities and (ii) curious characteristics.
3)         How is a cricket bat
different from a hockey stick?
Ans:     Crickets bats were not what we see now. It was like a curved
hockey stick till the middle of the eighteenth century. With the change of
under arm bowing into bowing through the air changed the shape of the bat.
Cricket bat changed into a straight, flat one from the curved state. Earlier it
was made up of a single wood bat now it comes of two parts one blade made up of
willow wood and the handle made up of cane.
Page – 146
Write true or false against each of the following sentences.
1)         India joined the world of Test cricket before Independence
Ans:     TRUE
ii)         The colonizers did nothing to encourage the Parsis in playing
Ans:     TRUE
iii)        Palwankar Baloo was India’s first Test Captain.
Ans:     FALSE
iv)        Australia played its first Test against England as a
sovereign nation.
Ans:     FALSE
Page – 148
1.         A professional cricket
player is one who makes a living by playing cricket. Find the opposite of
‘professional’ in the last paragraph.
Ans:     The opposite word to ‘professional’ is ‘amateur’
2.         In “the triumph of the
one day game”, ‘triumph’ means the one day game’s
            i) Superiority of Test cricket
Inferiority to Text cricket.
iii) Achievement
and success over Test cricket.
iv) Popularity
among viewers
Ans:     The word ‘triumph’ means (iv) Popularity among viewers.
3.         ………………………….the men for
whom the world is a stage.
            i) It refers to the famous cricket field in the world.
            ii) It means that there are many cricket playing
countries in the world.
iii) It
implies that cricketers are like actors and every cricket ground is like a
stage on which the drama of cricket is enacted the world over.
Mark the right answer  
Ans:-    (iii) It implies that cricketers
are like actors and every cricket ground is like a stage on which the drama of
cricket is enacted the world over.
Working with the
1)         Name some stick – and – ball games that you have witnessed or
heard of.
Ans:     Some stick and ball game that I have witnessed are
            a) Cricket
            b) Baseball.
            c) Lacrosse and
            d) Hockey
2.         The Parsis were the
first Indian Community to take cricket. Why?
Ans:     Parsis are famous for their deep fondness for trade. As a result
they got affinity with the British. With the increase of close contact with the
British, they started to get westernized. They started to adopt many of the
habits of the British. The British played cricket to amuse themselves. As a
result the Paris also started to play cricket and of course before any other
Indian community.
3.         The rivalry between
the Paris and the Bombay Gymkhana had a happy ending for the former. What does
a happy ending’ refer to?
Ans:     Here ‘happy ending’ hints at the victory of the Parsi team over
the Bombay Gymkhana in a game of Cricket in 1889. And this ending is remarkable
because of Dadabhai Naroji, the intellectual leader of congress after the
establishment of Indian National Congress in 1885.
4.         Do you think cricket
owes its present popularity to television? Justify your answer.
Ans:     Indeed, cricket owes its popularity to television. Without
television cricket would have been in the cradle. Television broadened the
social base of cricket reaching every nook and corner of small towns and
villages. Children of small cities now had a chance to watch international
cricket and learn imitating their heroes. With the satellite television cricket
reached worldwide and multi national television companies created a global
market for cricket. Accessibility was so easy that matches in Sidney could now
be watched live in Surat or anywhere.
5.         Why has cricket a
large viewership in India not in china or Russia?
Ans:     Cricket has its definition in south Asia and particularly in
India. Since the advent of the British in India cricket started to develop and
with the help of Television it reached to every corner of India. Presently
cricket is madness in India.
Whereas China
and Russia, the countries did not have British control as India had. Besides,
the inhabitants of China and Russia did not come in close association with the
British and did not adopt their life style and games and sports. So cricket
could not enroot and mature in Russia and China.
Q.6.     What do
you understand by games Cricket ‘equipment’? 
Ans:     Here game’s equipment i.e. cricket’s
equipment means the tools used to play the game. It includes but ball stumps,
pads, gloves, etc. Cricket did not adopt industrial materials like fiber,
plastic or metal. Rather cricket remained true to its origin. The bat comes in
two pieces, the blade which is made up of willow wood and the handle which is
of cane. But when it is the question of safety cricket did not compromise.
equipment are all made up of modern technological equipment. The
pads and gloves are made up of vulcanized rubber and helmets are also made up
of metal and synthetic light weight materials.
Q.7      How is Test cricket a
unique game in many ways?
Ans:     Indubitably test cricket is unique in many ways when we compare
with other games. Test cricket match is of five days. No other game is played
for this many days. Though having the longest duration, it can end up in a
draw. Test cricket and cricket as a whole is a game of uncertainty and hence
deserve to unique.
Q.8.     How is cricket different
from other team games?
Ans:     Cricket is remarkably different from other team games. In
question of duration, a test cricket match is of five days, whereas no other
modern game is even of half duration of it. A football match finishes within
ninety minutes and even nine innings of a baseball match finishes in less than
half duration of a limited over cricket match.
            In question of shape and size even cricket is different
to other game. Games like football and hockey have got a specific dimension of
the playing area. Whereas cricket fields are variable. The ground in Adelaide
oval is oval in shape but the ground in Chepauk in Chennai is circular in
shape. To hit a six one needs to cover bigger ground in Melbourne cricket
ground whereas it is easier to hit a six in a ground like Feroz Shah kotla.
            In question of playing equipment even there is a
Equipment of cricket are made up of natural materials where as
games like tennis and hockey things are industrial.
Q.9.     How have advances in
technology affected the game of cricket?
Ans:     Though cricket depends on natural materials, it has even the
effect of Technology. Protective 
equipment such as pads, made up of vulcanized
rubber, and helmet, made up of metal and synthetic light weight materials,
changed with the advancement of Technology. Besides, new satellite technology
placed cricket in the global arena   and
turned into an international sport.

10.       Explain how cricket
changed with changing times and yet remained unchanged in some ways.
Ans: With the passing of
time, cricket even changed a lot. The changes are-
There is change in rules and
regulation since its primitive stage.
Under arm bowling is changed
into bowling through air.
There came specification in
the shape and sire of ball, bat, stamps and pitch.
Cricket is no more a game of
elite aristocratic amateur but a game of common people and professionals.
A curved hockey stick like
bat is changed into modern flat blade bat.
In spite of
these changes cricket is true to its origin. Still the 
equipment like ball,
bat, stamps are made up of natural materials,though cricket adopted modern
technology in protective equipment like pads, gloves and helmet.